A study from the University of Michigan revealed that 1 in 5 American men admitted to have used domestic violence on their spouse or partner.
Researchers analyzed data available from the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication from 2001-2003.
The researchers said that the type of violence were pushing and shoving, throwing objects, slapping, kicking, dragging, punching, biting, choking, burning or threatening their partner with a weapon.
The analysis also found that there are many warning signs associated with men at higher risk of violence, that appears during routine health care visits, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and insomnia, History of substance abuse,History of experiencing or witnessing violence as a child.
“When people think of men who abuse their partners, they often think of violent people who they have never come across, or people they have only heard about in the news,” said the study author Dr. Vijay Singh, clinical lecturer in the departments of emergency medicine and family medicine at the University of Michigan Medical School.
“However, our study showed one out of every five men in the U.S. reported physical violence toward an intimate partner,” Singh said. “It’s likely that we’ve all met these men in our daily environment. This is an issue that cuts across all communities, regardless of race, income or any other demographics,” he added.
The research involved 530 men, aged an average of 42 years. Among them about 78 percent were non-Hispanic white, 56 percent were educated beyond high school and 84 percent were working.
“Most of our efforts to prevent intimate partner violence have focused on screening and improving outcomes for women who are victims, because their health and well-being is our priority,” explained Singh.
“Very little work, however, has been done on how to identify male perpetrators.”
More than 31 percent of women in the United States have been physically abused by an intimate partner at some point in their lives, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
More than 50 percent of the men involved in the study had at least one routine health visit in the past year only. Almost 1/3 of them also visited the emergency room at least once in the past year.
Domestic abuse alone amounts to $8.3 billion in related medical and mental health services. More than 20 percent are responsible for the roughly 320,000 outpatient health visits and 1,200 deaths among women because of intimate partner violence each year.
The findings, which appeared online in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine was funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and Veteran Affairs Clinical Scholars Program.
The subject has emerged as a hot debate post the release of a video by The Baltimore Ravens of NFL star Ray Rice hitting his wife in the elevator.