Ibuprofen is a NSAID and is used for relieving pain, fever and other symptoms of inflammation. Thousands of patients are treated for fractures. Both narcotic and non narcotic pain killers are used to relieve pain associated with fractures. However the use of any pain killer is limited by its side effects which can range from Gastric irritation to bronco-spasm. The pain during the first 48 hours after any injury is pretty intense and needs to be controlled. However the numbers of painkillers for pediatric use is limited.
Oral Morphine and Ibuprofen are both used by Doctors for treating pain associated with fractures in children.According to a recent study, both Morphine and Ibuprofen are effective in relieving pain but experts feel that Morphine has more side effects than Ibuprofen. The researchers of the study also contend that prescribing oral morphine or other narcotics for treating pain are on the rise.
As per the authors of the study, “However, evidence for the oral administration of morphine in acute pain management is limited. Thus, additional studies are needed to address this gap in knowledge and provide a scientific basis for outpatient analgesic choices in children.”
The study envisaged 134 children in between the age of 5 an 17 years who had suffered a fracture but did not require any surgery. 68 children were given Ibuprofen while the rest were given oral morphine to relieve the pain caused by the fracture.
Comparing the two groups, the researchers found that both morphine and ibuprofen were equally effective in relieving pain. However the group which took morphine experienced adverse effects of the drug like vomiting, nausea, and drowsiness. The authors of the study said that morphine is associated with a number of adverse effects and therefore Ibuprofen is a better alternative for treating fractures pain in pediatric patients.
The researchers hope to assist the medical faculty in making a better pain relief choice for children suffering from bone fractures who are discharged from the emergency department.