Kidney or Renal stones are small deposits which are formed inside kidneys. The stones are composed of minerals and acid salts. The Kidney stones can be formed due to many reasons and can be formed in any part of the renal architecture. They can be formed in your kidneys, ureters, or urinary bladder. Kidney stones are sometimes precipitated by increased concentration of minerals in the urine leading to easier crystallization of minerals. Normally these minerals pass with urine but if there is less liquid, it can get precipitated. Kidney stones are mostly composed of waste chemicals and includes calcium, oxalate, cystine, phosphate, xanthine and irate. Once formed, these stones increase in size or else pass down the ureters and into the urinary bladder. Passing kidney stones are excruciatingly painful. Urine can build behind the stones and cause a lot of pain.
It is a known fact that Kidney or renal stones can develop into serious renal diseases. A new study which was recently published in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases portends even more bad news for patients with renal stones. The study suggests that renal stones also increase the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. The study revealed that patients with renal stones have a 19% higher risk of having cardiovascular disease and a 40% higher risk of stroke.
The number of persons affected by kidney stones is steadily increasing and it is believed that 1 in 10 person suffer from kidney stones at some time or other in their lifetime. The National Kidney Foundation states that kidney stones are also related to an array of health conditions like diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure.
Led by Yanqiong Liu of the Department of Clinical Laboratory at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, China In this latest study analyzed data of more that 3.5 million patients and identified 50,000 who reported having kidney stones. The study revealed that persons with kidney stones were 19% more likely to experience a CHD event which could include a myocardial infarction or conditions requiring an arterial bypass surgery. They are also 40% more likely of suffering from a stroke as compared to persons without kidney stones.
Liu said “People should be concerned about kidney stones. Evidence suggests an association between kidney stones and incident cardiovascular disease, even after adjusting for other cardiovascular risk factors.”