Ten million gallons of oil on the bottom of the sea. Researchers have discovered in the Gulf of Mexico, a trace of petrol of over one thousand square kilometres.
Scientists have reported the presence of an oil ring, of 1.235 square kilometres on the bottom of the ocean from the Golf of Mexico. The oil appears to have remained in the water after the catastrophe from 2010.
On 20 April 2010, in the Gulf of Mexico, at about 80 kilometers from Venice, Louisiana, at a depth of 1.500 meters, the oil shaft of the platform DeepWater Horizon, has exploded. The platform was owned by the company Transocean and was being rented by British Petrolaum. The explosion caused the death of 11 workers and the injury of 17. According to statistics, around 1,000 barrils of petrol have spilt in the ocean every day. A month later, on May 27th, the oil spill had surpassed the one from 1989 by Exxon Valdez, which had dropped in the ocean, around 262,000 barrels of petroleum, and arrived at 19,000 barrels per day. It has been classified as the most severe ecological catastrophe from the history of the united states. In 2014, researcher David Valentine and his colleagues from The University of California have written a study, published din the „Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences”,which discussed about the 10 million gallons of oil that have spilt on the bottom of the gulf. Finding the oil has been a very difficult task.
A team of scientists lead by oceanography professor, Jeff Chanton, from the State University of Florida, has discovered between 6 to 10 millions of gallons sitting on the bottom of the ocean, near the Gulf of Mexico.
Professor Chanton and his research team, have mentioned in The Environmental Science & Technology, that they were able to determine how has the oil set on the bottom of the waters and have created a map which represents the areas with traces of oil.
The conclusion of the researcher teams have been that the oil, present in the waters will have a negative impact on the aquatic world both fauna and vegetation, creating a vicious circle, fish would feed with worms living on the bottom of the sea and plants would be intoxicated by substances found in the composition of oil.
Image Source: Ocean Portal