Archaeologists have taken high resolution images of eleven large circles. All but one of these circles is around 1312 feet in diameter and they are strikingly similar to one another negating any possibility of a coincidence.
The Large Circles have been created using low stone walls which are no more than a few feet high. The circles had no openings before and people would have to hop over the walls to get inside. The date and the purpose of these structures are still shrouded in mystery. Estimates put the walls to be 2000 years old but it could be older. The structures could have been built in pre historic times before writing was invented.
The Big Circles were spotted way back in 1920’s but there has been scant research on these structures and many scientists are not even aware of its existence. However archaeologists opine that the new aerial images will spur interest to study these ancient structures.
In an article published recently in the journal Zeitschrift fr Orient Archologie, Kennedy, a professor at the University of Western Australia writes, “The most important contribution is simply to collect and make known a large group of rather remarkable sites.”
Besides these 11 circles, archaeologists have also identified another similar circle in Jordan, which appears to have been only partially completed. Two more circles have been identified after looking at old satellite imagery, one in Jordan and one in Syria. Sadly both these circles have been destroyed during the course of time.
The Aerial Archaeology in Jordan Project has been lead by Kennedy since 1997 and also he also assists the Aerial Photographic Archive for Archaeology in the Middle East (APAAME).
The circles are not very hard to build and were made with materials available locally. However what has puzzled the archaeologists has been the precise shape of the circles which would require a great deal of planning. Kennedy feels that to make such a structure there would have been at least one architect in the team which built the structure.
The purpose of these circles is still a mystery with numerous hypotheses being put forth. Since the walls were not very high and did not contain any structures, it could not have been a pen to hold cattle or some other domestic animals.
Kennedy feels that more field work will b required to unravel the mystery of these circles. Aerial images are helpful but it cannot replace archaeological excavation.