Researchers discovered in the Udachnaya Russian mine a mysterious rock formation with tens of thousands of diamonds inside. The green and red rock with 30,000 diamonds inside was donated to scientists for further studies.
Researchers said that the diamond concentration of the mysterious rock is millions of times bigger than in a usual diamond ore, which is usually 1-6 carat per ton. The carat is a weight unit that is not size. The scientists presented the rock with 30,000 diamonds inside at the annual meeting of the American Geophysical Union.
One of the scientists who discovered the mysterious rock, Larry Taylor, who is a geologist at the University of Tennessee, said that the science world is very excited about the recent findings and the rock has inside it more than 30,000 tiny perfect octahedrons. Taylor said that there is not one big diamond inside the rock discovered in Russia. The scientists believe the thousands of small diamonds could have formed almost instantaneously. Dr. Taylor believes that the associations of minerals will reveal important details on how the rock was formed.
Geologists are planning to study the rock and hope that it will give them valuable clues about the geological history of our planet. They also believe the rock will tell them how the little diamonds were made. No one really knows for sure the origins of diamonds, although scientists can artificially create them in laboratories.
Some scientists believe that diamonds are created deep below the surface of the Earth, somewhere between the crust and the core, a layer known as the mantle. The diamonds are then carried by the volcanic eruptions, bringing them to the surface of the Earth. Most of the rocks found in the mantle disintegrate while making the trip, and only small crystals make it to the surface. The recently discovered rock with 30,000 diamonds inside seems to have survived the trip, which makes it a very important finding.
The geologists analyzed the special rock using an industrial X-ray tomography scanner and found that the clear crystals inside the rock are 0.04 inches tall and are octahedral in shape.
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