CERN’s Large Hadron Collider is scheduled to be powered up in March 2015, according to scientists. This will be LHC’s second 3-year run and officials say that the power of the collider will be doubled. Scientists hope that this second run of the Large Hadron Collider will provide them with new answers in the field of physics and it will help them solve many mysteries for which they had no answer.
The Large Hadron Collider is considered to be the largest particle accelerator in the world and the most complex device ever designed by humankind. This particle accelerator is located in Geneva, Switzerland, and is supervised by specialists from CERN ( European Organization for Nuclear Research).
Experts say that powering up this incredible machine is not a matter of pressing the “on” button. The LHC is made from multiple superconducting magnets and detectors which and will take months to power up all of its components.
Officials at CERN announced on Friday that LHC’s optimal operating temperature of 1.9 degrees Kelvin ( -271.25 degrees Celsius or -456.25 degrees Fahrenheit ). This process consisted in the cooling of the main ring of superconducting magnets, which is 17 miles long or 27 kilometers long.
The Large Hadron Collider has gone through a refurbishing period of 2 years. Experts performed several upgrades on this device so that in 2015 the machine could achieve proton-proton collision energies that would double the energy of its first run. After it will be powered in March, the machine is expected to perform ultra-high particle collisions in May. Scientists say that they expect to reach collision energies of 13 TeV.
CERN Director Rolf Heuer said that if this energy level will be achieved, the Large Hadron Collider will reveal new information in the field of physics and other future discoveries. He also said that he’s very excited to see what the future holds for humankind.
Frederick Bordry, Director for Accelerators and Technology at CERN, said that the Large Hadron Collider is like a new device after the hard work and new upgrades that were installed and even if the restart of the device is not a routine procedure he is confident that everything will go as planned and the research in particle collision will begin as scheduled in May 2015.
Experts say that LHC will hopefully help them understand dark matter particles, antimatter interactions and more. Even more, they expect that new exotic particles will be discovered with the most powerful particle accelerator ever built.
Scientists are very excited to begin the new journey into the undiscovered territory of physics and we should be excited as well.
Image Source: Discovery News