The risk of developing Type 2 diabetes could be reduced by up to 80 percent with the help of weight-loss surgery on obese people, a study says.
Part of the research team that published their findings in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, Prof. Martin Gulliford from King’s College London in UK states that:
“Our results suggest that bariatric (weight loss) surgery may be a highly effective method of preventing the onset of diabetes in men and women with severe obesity.”
This is particularly important because 80 percent or more of overweight or obese adults are suffering from Type 2 diabetes.
Prof Gulliford believes that diabetes prevention can be achieved with weight-loss surgery used alongside an increase in physical activity and a healthy nutrition.
The members of the research team used medical records from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink to identify 2,167 adults suffering of obesity but without diabetes who were subject to one of three surgeries: sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass or gastric banding. These participants to the study were compared with another 2,167 adults acting as control. They were followed for up to seven years total.
„We need to understand how weight loss surgery can be used, together with interventions to increase physical activity and promote healthy eating, as part of an overall diabetes prevention strategy.”
Prof. Gulliford added.
Among the participants who had weight-loss surgery, there were 38 new diagnoses of Type 2 diabetes compared to a number of 177 in the control group. Diabetes diagnoses were reduced by 80 percent on patients who had weight loss surgery compared to the control group.
The team also noted that patients who had underwent bariatric surgery were more likely to adhere to other recommendations such as adopting healthy diets or exercise.
“We noted that people who received surgery were more likely to be prescribed antihypertensive drugs or statins, which can sometimes be associated with diabetes.”
the team added.
Saint Pierre University Hospital’s Dr. Jacques Himpens from Belgium acknowledges the findings of Professor Gulliford and believes the study is a step forward in understanding the link between the effect of bariatric surgery and prevention of diabetes but believes there are more things to be done and questions to be answered. She goes on to add that:
“More evidence is needed to convince endocrinologists about the nature of this effect,”
Furthermore, it was reported in February that despite not regretting having the procedure, most women who underwent weight-loss surgery are feeling emotional problems because of it.